We’ve gone through the closed syllable and silent (or magic) E syllable. Next in the REVLOC system of classifying syllables is the open syllable.
An open syllable is one with a vowel at the end of the syllable, making the vowel long. In comparison with the closed syllable, which is closed in by another consonant that makes the vowel short, the open syllable does not have a consonant after it, and so the vowel “says its name.”
Word: me The e is long because there is no consonant closing it in. It is an open syllable.
Add a d: med The e is short because the consonant d is closing it in, making it short.
Now look at it in a word where it is a syllable to be separated out. This is how someone learning English can distinguish it is long.
Example: baby ba-by (both syllables are open)
Underline the vowels. With Rabbit words, we learned that the syllables would be divided between the consonants. Not so with open. In a word like baby, we use what is called Tiger words.
The pattern is: v/c – the rule is, after the first vowel, split the word.
(I will go more in depth about the different kind of division rules in later posts. For now, just know that the Open Syllable is open and it makes a vowel say its name. That is the most important information to take from this writing.)
Our pattern for a closed syllable is: consonant-vowel-consonant (cvc), as in pin
Here are more examples of Tiger words where the first syllable is open.
Mixture of open with closed
Mixture of open with Silent (Magic)E
Words with Two Open Syllables