Orton Gillingham for All

We Sailed and Jumped into a Twisted -ED (the suffix)

on April 23, 2013

Hearing letter sounds is a major key to learning to write and understand English. It can be confusing because many letters or letter combinations have more than one sound. Today I will go over one of the combinations – the suffix –ed.

The suffix –ed is used to represent past tense; plenty of even smaller children may realize this. What a person may not have given attention to is that –ed makes three different sounds.

A sentence to represent this  (and practice) is: He rented a boat, jumped in and sailed off.

Hear it? Rented — /ed/  (said like the name, Ed)

Jumped — /t/ (sounds like the sound of a “t”)

Sailed — /d/  (Sounds like a “d”)

Below are examples of words that have the three different sounds. It is good to dictate the words to students, have them write what you are saying, and be sure to have student read back what has been written.

-ed = /ed/           This sound comes after a t or d

Examples: melted, twisted, planted, rented, mended, printed, rusted, acted, blasted, sanded, punted, salted.

-ed = /d/             

Examples: grilled, banged, smiled, saved, shelled, drilled, spilled, yelled, changed, filmed, ganged

-ed = /t/

Examples: masked, jumped, fished, skipped, asked, camped, blocked, checked, kicked, dumped, honked, limped

More Advanced words: rowed (d), slipped (t), scrapped (t), smelled (d), stepped (t), snowed (d), turned (d), filled (d)

In class, we had a “bank” of words at the top of a worksheet and a “grid” under the word bank.  At the top of the grid were the –ed sounds. We were asked to put the words under the correct –ed sound. After we completed the assignment, we went over each word and the sound they made in class, as a discussion. You may be surprised at how people hear sounds differently!

For Example (our worksheet had many more):

Melted                                 Grilled                   Jumped                                                punted                 limped                  filmed

-ed = /ed/ -ed = /d/ -ed = /t/
melted grilled jumped
punted filmed limped
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5 responses to “We Sailed and Jumped into a Twisted -ED (the suffix)

  1. Jesi says:

    Hello! First off — Thank you so much for running this blog! I was trained in OG over the summer but was not given any substantial handouts detailing some of the more complicated sounds or syllabications, and reading your posts about them has saved my lesson plans numerous times. You are a lifesaver! 🙂 About this post — I was just wondering if there was any sort of rule for when -ed says /d/ versus /t/? Thanks!

    • momssoulcafe says:

      Hi Jesi, so glad the blog is helping with your lesson plans! There’s no rule with the -ed sounds. Just being aware that it can make the three different sounds.
      Let me know any ideas or needs you have for the blog!
      Warmly, Jen

  2. […] see –ed and Latin Suffixes –ci, -si, -ti, […]

  3. […] We Sailed and Jumped into a Twisted -ED (the suffix). […]

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