Orton Gillingham for All

A Harvest of VCCV Patterns

My last post was on the different patterns that make up syllable division. Now, I want to go through each pattern and how to label a word for easy pronunciation. If you have not read the post(s) on REVLOC, please read that now, and come back. It is important to have an understanding of REVLOC before dividing words, because after dividing the words into syllables, the rules of REVLOC will make pronunciation of the word much easier.

The first pattern (I learned in the OG course I took) is VCCV, or Vowel-Consonant-Consonant-Vowel. There are four different kinds of VCCV word patterns. They are labeled according to REVLOC syllable types.

They are:

Rabbit                           Two closed syllables

Reptile                          One Closed, One Magic E syllables

Candy                           One Closed, One Open syllables

Hornet                          One Closed, One R-Controlled syllables

To determine the type of word, we underline vowels, label the pattern, (in this case) divide between the two consonants, label each syllable based on REVLOC, and use that labeling to pronounce the word.

Here is an example of the dividing of each:

VCCV

Here are examples of each type of word patterns. See if you can divide them!

Rabbit words. Underline vowels, divide between consonants, label syllable according to REVLOC.

Plastic

Muffin

Mutton

Segment

Aspen

Puffin

Tennis

Velvet

Dentist

Bandit

Sudden

Goblet

Sandal

Signal

In order to make sure a student is grasping the concept and not just memorizing words, it is common to use nonsense words in exercises. Below is an example of some nonsense words to divide.

Flimsat

Hegnon

Vindip

Dibsob

Wombud

Kinvit

Uglol

Algam

Lansut

In addition to coding words, students should practice reading all words out loud. This fortifies the understanding of the different syllable types and the sounds they make. Students should even read the nonsense words.

Reptile Words. One closed and one magic e syllable. Divide between two consonants in VCCV pattern.

Hemline

Stampede

Sunshine

Costume

Dictate

Baptize

Ignite

Compile

Confide

Dislike

Candy words. One closed syllable, one open syllable. VCCV divide between the two consonants.

Taffy

Lobby

Fifty

Dusty

Hobby

Nanny

Sixty

Handy

Bumpy

Floppy

Plenty

Ugly

Nifty

Thrifty

Jiffy

Kitty

Pansy

Witty

Caddy

Hornet Words. One of the syllables will be R-controlled. Divide between the two consonants.

Market

Butler

Marlin

Banner

Garnet

Orbit

Border

Tardy

Scamper

Termite

Otter

Lumber

Hammer

Garment

Fender

Rafter

Perfume – R controlled and magic e

Burly – R controlled and open

Garlic

Sister

Derby

Harness

Garden

Harvest

Limber

Scarlet

Sherbet

Here is a list of three syllable VCCV words. And a picture of how they would be labeled.

Fantastic

Encompass

Confiscate

Atlantic

Indignant

Compensate

Insistent

photo (1)

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The Essence of OG Word Patterns & Syllable Division

When studying Orton Gillingham, one of the main focuses of the program is on dividing words into syllables (known as syllable division). The one and only point of syllable division is to pronounce the word. Nothing else. This means, if someone does not perfectly divide up the word, but is still able pronounce the word based on how it was divided, the person doing the dividing should consider that they succeeded in their mission.

With that said, we still want to learn the rules to syllable division because it makes learning easier when there are rules to follow, rather than just trying to haphazardly divide a word and pronounce it.

How syllable division is done:

  • By underlining the vowels in a word.
  • Recognizing the pattern of the consonants and vowels, and dividing the words based on pattern rules.
  • Classifying each syllable based on REVLOC, then using REVLOC rules to pronounce the word (for example: rab  bit – two closed syllables so both vowels are short.  I knew to break that word between the two b’s based on rules I learned in the pattern VCCV.).

If you are reading this before you have read the REVLOC portion, please go read that first and come back here. It will be a much more comprehensive view of OG if you know what the syllables are and how they are labeled before trying to divide the words into syllables.

The patterns of vowels and consonants are below. I am going in order of teaching (the order I learned them in).

  • VCCV – Vowel-Consonant-Consonant-Vowel
  • VCV – Vowel- Consonant-Vowel
  • VCCCV – Vowel-Consonant-Consonant-Consonant-Vowel
  • VV – Vowel-Vowel
  • Compound Word
  • Consonant + LE
  • Prefix-Suffix

As with REVLOC, I intend to go through each pattern in separate posts. This is just an overview.

The main idea I want to convey today is:

  • The overall goal of this syllable division exercise is to be able to pronounce the word.
  • There are patterns in consonants and vowels that determine where a word is broken up into syllables.
  • Those syllables become REVLOC syllables, which have rules to pronunciation, which gives a word easier manageability when pronouncing a word.
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