Orton Gillingham for All

It’s Just an Ostrich! VCCCV Patterns

Now that we have gotten through the more challenging VCV syllable pattern, we can move to the next in line – VCCCV, Vowel-Consonant-Consonant-Consonant-Vowel. Even though it looks longer and possibly more challenging, this one requires less work to break up than VCV.

If you have not yet read the posts on REVLOC, VCCV, and VCV, I suggest reading those and coming back to this post. OG is a system that builds one section of lessons upon the next. This is the section called Syllable Division Rules.

The class I took, we called the VCCCV pattern Ostrich words. The main rule about Ostrich words is that when dividing, allow the consonants that go together to stay together. Those that would go together are blends and digraphs.

I have not yet posted on blends and digraphs, so I will give a brief description here and plan a more in depth post next week.

A Digraph is consonants that come together to make a new sound. Examples would be, th, ch, tch, sh, wh. Notice that we do not say, “t” “h,” we say, “th,” as in think or “c” “h,” we say, “ch,” as in chimp. The letters are together and being pronounced as one sound.

A blend is when consonants come together and we can hear both sounds. As in, bl, (blind), cl (climb), nd (found), st (lobster), gr (pilgrim). It doesn’t matter where the blend appears in a word, you can hear each letter clearly making its own sound.

So, going back to VCCCV, Ostrich – this is the breakdown of that word.

ostrich

Here are a couple more examples of VCCCV breakdown.

VCCCVDE

 

Below are examples of words with VCCCV pattern .

VCCCVwordst2VCCCVwordsheet

 

Now you try! Two worksheets:

VCCCVworksheetVCCCVwksh2

 

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VCV – the Tiger and the Camel Slept in a Motel in Japan

Hopefully everyone has been practicing the VCCV pattern while I have been away. My kids just got out of school and I have been busy starting a new business, selling the best skin care around (www.jenniferkwebb.myrandf.com) from Rodan + Fields, the same dermatologists that create Proactive. It’s a shameless plug, I know, but it really is a great product line; working miracles for my face.

Today we move into VCV – or vowel consonant vowel – patterns. If you have not read the posts on REVLOC or VCCV please do that now and come back. Each of these posts builds on the next.

There are not as many pattern types in VCV as there are in VCCV, but breaking the words up into syllables becomes a tad more difficult now, because we have to place an emphasis on accenting of the syllable. That determines where we will break it up (in VCCV we easily break the word between the two consonants, the c’s).

For accenting, a helpful rule is that the accent NEVER falls on a schwa, ever. So if there is a schwa in a syllable, don’t accent that syllable.

Another accenting trick my OG teacher taught us, (not sure this one is going to transfer in writing, but if you get it then use it, if not, you can move on) if you say a word like you are calling a dog, like you are yelling it, the longer syllable is usually the accented one. For example, if I were calling my dog I might say, caaammm, el – the cam is the accented syllable.

If that dog trick doesn’t work for you, then know that 60% of the time, divide after the first vowel to get a long vowel sound. 40% of the time, divide after a consonant to get a short vowel sound, and in special cases, divide to get a schwa vowel in an unaccented first syllable.

There are three types of patterns for VCV:

Camel                                                   cam’   el                40% of the time  VC/V

Tiger                                                      ti’  ger                   60% of the time   V/CV

Japan & Motel   — This is a category my OG teacher made up for words that may not fit in Camel or Tiger because they have schwas and you never accent a schwa syllable.

You are testing in this one to see if the accent is on the first or second syllable. When there is a schwa, it can push the accent to the second syllable.

Ja            pan’

Mo’        tel

A             bove’

Pro         tect’

The ultimate goal of any of this is to pronounce the word correctly. If a student can pronounce the word, there is success.

In VCV the reason we are accenting is to know where to divide the word for pronunciation. There is no clear cut rule for division of these types of words, except to test them before dividing.

For example:

Relish                    Is it: (1) Re  Lish     or    (2)Rel    ish

If it is (1), the first syllable would be open and the word would be re(long e)lish

If it is (2), the first syllable would be closed and the word would be rel(short e)ish.

Easy enough if you know the word, but pretend you are in kindergarten and you do not know.  Now test the word out for which syllable is accented.

Let me back up a bit here.

Relish – underline the vowels. We know there are two syllables because each syllable has to have a vowel.

Look for the pattern – Relish    eli is VCV.

Now if it were VCCV, I would automatically just divide between the two c’s, but it’s not. It is VCV. This means I automatically think about the accenting – that’s where I will divide.

I ask myself if there is a schwa, if either syllable has a vowel that has a “u” sound. Nope, not in relish.

I call the dog. If I use the short e spelling, the first syllable is the longer sound.

I decide that this is where the accent will be. On the first syllable.

Rel ish

One really almost has to have heard these types of words before being able to break it up. The goal is to break it and say, oh, I’ve heard rel-ish, but never heard of the word re-lish (which technically speaking would be to lish again because re is a prefix).

These types of words are, to me, the hardest to explain in writing and even to comprehend when being taught. If you can get this, you can master syllable division. We like to have rules with everything, but some things just don’t have a clear cut path and VCV pattern is one of them.

Below are some words and examples.

Camel Words

Lemon                  lem’       on

Linen                     lin’          en

Comet                  com’ et

Denim                   den’ im

Tiger Words

Nylon                    ny’ lon

Tulip                      tu’ lip

Pony                      po’ ny

Raven                   ra’ ven

Here is a sample of breakdowns of each:

VCV breakdown

Here is a sample worksheet from my class. See if you can divide the words and put them in the correct column (answers are below).

VCV worksheet

VCV worksheet answers

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