Orton Gillingham for All

It’s a Fact — Consonants

Today, I want to give you a few facts about consonants.

  • 21 Consonants are: b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, y, z
  • Consonants never say their name (except in words like x-ray).
  • Most consonants have one sound.
  • Five consonants have more than one sound: c, g, s, x, n
  • The letter r does not say “er.” It sounds more like a barking dog – “rhhh.”
  • The letter q is ALWAYS followed by a u in English words. They make the sound “kw” as in queen.
  • The letter x makes three sounds:
    “ks” as in Box
    “gz” as in Exit
    “z” as in Xylophone
  • No English words end in the letters v or j.
  • V is always followed by e. For example: active, believe
  • -ge and -dge are used for “j” at the end of a word. For example: ridge, engage
  • Consonant blends are two or three consonants which blend together: shrill, fast, lamp
  • Digraphs are two consonants representing as single sound: shout, thimble, chest
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