We have covered all of the components of REVLOC and the different syllable division rules. Today, I would like to condense that down to an overview, so, hopefully, a bigger picture can be formed.
First, REVLOC, stands for types of syllables. These syllables are then classified by the corresponding letter from the REVLOC system. Once classified (or maybe labeled is a better term), the word can be broken down and pronounced based on the rules associated with each syllable type.
The word “REVLOC” is what it is because that is the order in which each syllable type should be considered in pronunciation. For example, the word “war” might look like it is a closed syllable, however, the “ar” in this word make it an R-controlled syllable. R comes before the C in the word REVLOC, so that is how we know that the R-controlled is the rule to follow rather than Closed.
Once the labeling of syllables based on the REVLOC system is learned, moving forward into different types of words based on this system of labeling the syllables makes the words easier to pronounce.
What you get is a system of labeling syllables and then applying those labels to types of word-patterns. These word-patterns are based on vowel-consonant patterns within the words.
To overview these patterns:
Compound words: Divide between the words. Cow boy Sun set
Prefix/Suffix words: Divide between the prefix and/or the suffix and root. (un im press ive ly).
Consonant + LE (puzzle words): Count back three letters Cir Cle
Words with ck divide after the c Spec kle
VCCCV (ostrich words): Do not divide consonants that go together, like blends and digraphs.
VCCV (rabbit, hornet, candy words): Divide between the two consonants. Mag net
VCV (tiger, camel, hotel, motel words): 60% of the time, divide after the first vowel to get a long vowel sound. (pi lot).
40% of the time, divide after the consonant to get a short vowel sound. (cab in).
Special cases (hotel and motel), divide to get a schwa vowel in an unaccented first syllable (Japan). (pe can). These are based on where the accent goes (which is determined by where the emphasis is when pronouncing a word).
VV (Lion and poem words): Divide between unstable digraphs and diphthongs or between vowels that do not form digraphs or diphthongs. (ru in) (li on) (e on)
A diphthong is a word that had a vowel team which starts out as one sound but ends up as another, so that both vowels are pronounced. For example: coin, lion, ruin. Digraphs are two letters that come together to form another sound all together, like th or ch, tch.