• Consonants & Vowels,  Spelling,  Vowel Teams

    Sound Spelling Versus Sound Reading

    Sound Spelling Versus Sound Reading, What’s the Difference? When taking an Orton Gillingham class, as a student or as a teacher, you will have two terms: Reading Consonant & Vowels and Spelling Consonants & Vowels. What’s the difference in the two? It can get a little confusing. Reading Consonant & Vowel Sounds When going through a consonant reading deck with a student they will use an s two ways, as two sounds, /s/ or /z/. The s can make two sounds, /s/ and /z/. Sound reading is asking, what sounds does this letter (or letter combination) make? Ideas to drill sound reading To drill sound reading, use decks from your…

  • Accenting Rules,  Consonants & Vowels,  Sight Words,  Spelling

    Go Bananas for Schwa

    I’ve written about Schwa before, but I’m seeing a lot of questions around this topic so I want to take a deeper dive into the topic of Schwa. What is a Schwa? Schwa is a term used when a vowel takes on (or gets “swallowed up” by) the “uh” (ŭ) sound. Any vowel can do this and some vowel combinations make the sound as well, for example, doctor (the or takes on a schwa sound) or dollar, (the ar is a schwa). Schwa is represented with an upside-down e: ə Because any a, e, i, o, u, or y can make this sound, and even some letter combinations, it can…

  • Consonants & Vowels,  Spelling,  Vowel Teams

    A Deeper Dive into Generalizations OI/OY, OU/OW, AU/AW

    I’ve written about Orton Gillingham Generalizations before, but I want to take a deeper dive into this topic. What Are Generalization Rules? Generalizations or Generalization Rules are vowel teams that sound alike and also have general rules or situations for when to use them. There are three: OI/OY saying “oi” as in oil/boy OU/OW saying “ou” as in out/cow AU/AW saying “ô” as in auto/paw Generalizations are rules associated with certain sounds that help know when to use each vowel team and in what position to use them in a word. They are tools for spelling and reading words. When do you use each Generalization? OI/OY Generalization Use oi at…

  • Accenting Rules

    No Stress Over Accenting Rules

    Accenting is something that can be taught early in Orton Gillingham, but the advanced rules are for advanced decoding and fall much later in the OG scope and sequence. Accenting is to aid in pronouncing words correctly – that’s the goal. If a student looks a word up in a dictionary (online these days) and sees an accent mark, they will know how to use that accent mark to pronounce the word. Early Accenting These first, simple accenting exercises are to introduce accenting. Say it both ways. The best way to teach early accenting is to have the student say the word both ways and decide what makes the most…

  • Syllable Division,  Types of Syllables

    REVLOC Reveals Syllable Types

    What makes OG (Orton Gillingham) so special is the way it teaches the English language in broken down parts then re-assembles them into a whole; meaning that by the time one is older (or for an adult, towards the end of the learning sequence), one can see English from a broad perspective. A major component to help gain the overall perspective is REVLOC. In some circles they use CLOVER, but where I took the course, they call it REVLOC and soon I will reveal why. First, let me break down the answer to what REVLOC actually is. Each letter stands for a syllable type. Each syllable in a word is…