C&G Rule: How to Teach, When to Teach and Activities from Orton Gillingham Coaching

The C and G rule in Orton Gillingham is a miscellaneous rule. What the C & G rules says is, if you have a C or a G followed by an E, I, or Y, then the C takes on the “s” sound and the G takes on the “J” sound.

Important to remember is that the e, i, or y FOLLOWS the C or G. If is BEFORE the C or G, then this rule does not apply (think of a word like, “ignite” where the i is before the g, versus a word like “gist,” where the i is after the g).

Have you ever wondered why the word Cat starts with a C but Kitty or Kitten start with a K? It is the C & G rule in action.

Cat – c a t             The c says “k”

BUT, if you were to spell  Kitty, Citty, the C would no longer be “k” sound it would be a “s” sound as in “City.” So in order to keep the “k” sound, we must change the “C” in Cat to a K. Same with Kitten. If we kept that C that we use to spell Cat, we would have a Citten, and it would be pronounced “S”itten.

This video has information on the C&G Rule as well as when to teach it and activities you can do in single and group settings.

You can visit this link for the full, written article.


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